Assessment On The Effect Of Sulfuric Acid Concentration On Physicochemical Properties Of Sulfated-Titania Catalyst And Glycerol Acetylation Performance | INSTITUT KAJIAN PERLADANGAN (IKP)
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Assessment on the Effect of Sulfuric Acid Concentration on Physicochemical Properties of Sulfated-Titania Catalyst and Glycerol Acetylation Performance

Abundant glycerol generated in India is reported to be approximately 1.9 million litres as a by-product from the biodiesel industry. Among the derivatives of glycerol, acetins from glycerol acetylation reaction have received attention due to their use in a variety of products, such as food additives, medicine, plasticizers, tanning agents and biodegradable polyester. In this research, a solid acid catalyst was synthesized to catalyse glycerol acetylation into acetins. The sulphated-titania catalysts were prepared via the wet impregnation method at different sulfuric acid concentrations (5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%) and denoted as 5SA, 10SA, 15SA, and 20SA, respectively. The synthesized catalysts were characterized using FTIR, XRD, TGA, BET, NH3-TPD, XRF, and SEM-EDX. The synthesized catalysts were tested on glycerol acetylation reaction at conditions: 0.5 g catalyst loading, 100–120 °C temperature, 1:6 glycerol/acetic acid molar ratios, and 2–4 h reaction time. The final product obtained was analysed using GC-FID. An increment in sulfuric acid concentration reduces the surface area, pore volume, and particles size. However, the increment has increased the number of active sites (Lewis acid) and strong acid strength. 15SA catalyst exhibited excellent glycerol conversion (>90%) and the highest selectivity of triacetin (42%). Besides sufficient surface area (1.9 m2 g−1) and good porosity structure, the great performance of the 15SA catalyst was attributed to its high acid site density (342.6 µmol g−1) and the high active site of metal oxide (95%).

 

Figure 1 : Overview of glycerol acetylation by catalysts.

 

 

Figure 2 : Preparation of non-sulphated and sulphated-titania catalyst at various concentration.

 

 

Mohd Rasid Shera Farisya, Ramli Irmawati, Ishak Nor Shafizah, Yun Hin Taufiq-Yap, Ernee Noryana Muhamad, Siew Ling Lee, Nurrulhidayah Salamun (2021). Assessment on the Effect of Sulfuric Acid Concentration on Physicochemical Properties of Sulfated-Titania Catalyst and Glycerol Acetylation Performance. Catalyst 11(2): 1542

 

Artikel penuh: https://doi.org/

Tarikh Input: 25/03/2024 | Kemaskini: 25/03/2024 | ainzubaidah

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