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Mycelium-based Composite: A Way Forward for Renewable Material

The fluctuation of petroleum prices, fast depletion of fossil resources and environmental problems are caused by polymer derived from petroleum or natural gas due to its non-renewable and non-biodegradable properties. Recently, the industry has emphasised designing sustainable biocomposite using eco-friendly, renewable, biodegradable and low energy consumption during the manufacturing process. This target can be obtained by producing a mycelium-based composite (MBC) uses the fungal mycelium matrix to bind composite material. The selection of suitable fungi and type of lignocellulosic biomass is essential for good mycelial network development. White-rot fungi have high possibilities of producing mycelium-based composite due to their ability to secrete lignin-degrading enzymes that can degrade lignocellulosic biomass for nutrients uptake. Agricultural waste such as lignocellulosic biomass has a great potential to be converted into the mycelium-based composite. Fungal mycelia act as a natural adhesive or binder that binds together all particles of lignocellulosic biomass during fungal colonisation. The mycelium growing phenomenon is manipulated to produce the mycelium-based composite such as biofoam, paper, textiles, vehicle parts, packaging materials and higher value composite materials. Renewable MBC is a key alternative for non-renewable packaging materials. Along these lines, the MBC serves several advantages as it does not require complex and high-end manufacturing processes, low energy consumption during production, low density, competitive strength, tensile and impact mechanical properties. It also has excellent resistance to corrosion and the possibility of being a sustainable source for a long period. This will pave the way for the mycelium-based composite from lignocellulosic biomass for its use in various applications.


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Mariam Jamilah Mohd Fairus., Ezyana Kamal Bahrin., Enis Natasha Noor Arbaain., Norhayati Ramli (2022). Mycelium-based composite: A way forward for renewable material. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management 17(1): 271-280


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Tarikh Input: 23/08/2022 | Kemaskini: 08/09/2022 | ainzubaidah


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